Sunday, May 26, 2013

Evo Morales: the VAT man


Every country can tax books as convenient. In the European Union, for instance, there are remarkable differences: Spain and Italy tax books at 4%, whereas Denmark taxes books at 25%. The EU countries with lowest taxes on books are Luxemburg, at 3%, and the United Kingdom, at 0%. Such differences between countries led the virtual bookstore Amazon to move its European headquarters to Luxemburg, where salaries are rather high but taxes are very low.
Moreover, taxes are also different if we talk about print books or e-books. In Spain, for instance, e-books are taxed at 21%, whereas print books are taxed at 4%. In order to end up with such big differences, the European Commission is planning to unify criteria by the end of the year 2013 (to be in force by 2015).
Needless to say, the price of books affects the reading rates. Therefore, printing houses and other institutions which promote reading habits advocate for low taxes on books. In the case of Spain, having a fixed price for books (which lets small- and medium-sized bookstores survive) and paying a reduced VAT of 4% are good measures to promote reading.
Some days ago, the president of Bolivia Evo Morales passed some acts to promote reading habits among Bolivians, including a National Library Network with funds to buy contemporary literature and the suppression of taxes on books (it was 13%) and on book transaction (it was 3%). Thanks to these measures, Bolivians can buy books 16% cheaper.
When announcing these measures, Evo Morales talked about a major problem in Bolivia: the low reading rate. And he set himself as a good example because he admits that he rarely reads a book. However, most Spanish newspapers gave a new nuance to this piece of news and the headlines were “Evo Morales does not like to read”. Only the small print revealed that the Bolivian government will pass some measures to promote reading. And not all newspapers included this information either.

Some examples:
El Mundo: «Evo Morales: "I don’t like to read"»:
http://www.elmundo.es/america/2013/04/30/noticias/1367307011.html
ABC: «Evo Morales: "I don’t like to read "»:
http://www.abc.es/internacional/20130430/abci-morales-gusta-leer-201304300833.html
La Vanguardia: «Evo Morales: "I don’t like to read"»:
http://www.lavanguardia.com/internacional/20130430/54373016764/evo-morales-no-me-gusta-leer.html
El País: «Morales admits that he does not like to read after passing a law to reduce taxes on books»:
http://economia.elpais.com/economia/2013/04/30/agencias/1367286502_156441.html
El Periódico: «Morales admits that he does not like to read»:
http://www.elperiodico.com/es/noticias/internacional/morales-admite-que-gusta-leer-2378316
20 Minutos: «Evo Morales admits that he does not like to read: "I have this problem"»:
http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/1801885/0/evo-morales/no-gusta-leer/baja-impuesto/
La Gaceta: «Evo Morales does not like to read»:
http://www.lagaceta.com.ar/nota/542975/mundo/a-evo-morales-no-le-gusta-leer.html
Libertaddigital / esRadio: «Evo Morales: "I don’t like to read"»:
http://esradio.libertaddigital.com/fonoteca/2013-04-30/cultura-evo-morales-no-me-gusta-leer-58173.html

Sources:
  1. VAT policies on books around Europe: http://publishingperspectives.com/2012/07/why-is-europes-policy-e-books-so-schizophrenic/
  2. Amazon in Luxemburg: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/06/us-tax-amazon-idUSBRE8B50AR20121206
  3. VAT rates in Spain: http://www.tumbit.com/how-to-guides/articles/93-spanish-iva-explained.html
  4. Fixed book price: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_book_price_agreement
    
    
   
   
   

5 comments:



  1. افضل شركة نقل اثاث بالمدينة المنورة تساعدك على نقل اثاثك بامان فلا داعى للقلق مع افضل شركة نقل اثاث بجدة

    عزيزى العميل انت من محبى التنقل باستمرار بالتالى انت بحاجة ماسة وضروية الى الاستعانة بالمختصين في نقل العفش خاصة ارخص شركة نقل اثاث بالرياض لان الاستعانة باى من عمالة الشوارع الغير مدربة والتي لا تمتلك خبرة كافية في نقل العفش او الحفاظ علية وليس هذا فقط فقد يؤدى الاستعانة بعمالة الشوارع الى حدوث حالة فقدان وتكسير للاثاث بالتالى التاثير الضار عليك عزيزى العميل

    لا تقلق مطلقاً الان بشأن نقل اي منقولات خاصة بك طالما استعنت بشركة الاول لـ نقل الأثاث في الرياض وخارج الرياض فنحن ليس الوحيدون ولكننا متميزون عن اى مؤسسة أخرى داخل وخارج الدمام وشهرتنا كافضل شركة نقل عفش بينبع
    نقل اثاث بجدة

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you for this valuable information. Get your business to the next level in simple steps. erp in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  3. Dana's Housekeeping Staff Coupons Oakland CA Near Me

    Just Sparkles is definitely a professional Manchester uniformed cleaning services customized to fulfill your needs. It is definitely not your house, so where is definitely everything "supposed" to proceed? Maintain up the good work. I may "pre-clean", but I do make the kids pick-up everything before cleaning day time in their rooms شركة تنظيف فلل بالرياض and play space or else I advise the house cleaner to neglect cleaning those rooms. Call up a quantity of professional cleaning companies in your area (I'm talking Molly Maids, etc.), find out how much they charge per labor hour (per hour, per woman), take an common, and then hit for several dollars per hour beneath that.

    Before you make a complaint about housecleaners charging the unreasonable quantity of $20 an hour, perform you possess any idea about what their business expenditures are and how very شركة صيانة مكيفات بالرياض much they in fact net? Entitlement should be a title left for people who are unwilling to work and laying around looking for handouts because they think everyone owes them something.

    I go to the end of the earth for my clients because they treat me so well. From a stringent and comprehensive cleaner recruitment procedure to comprehensive liability insurance, we've taken the measures to ensure شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياض رخيصه you, your home and your possessions are safe and secure. Hours and your home is certainly clean when we keep. They are comprehensive, well-timed, and a great worth for the quality function that they perform.

    First clean $110 using your cleaners, if I make use of mine very own, its an extra $10. That's also why I like BA Home Washing whose website obviously break out each item in their on the web estimation device! I acquired acceptable objectives for what صيانة مسابح could become achieved in 4 hours, and this female humiliated about her period spent. This means, nevertheless, that if a washing work actually performed to your fulfillment, you can consider the concern up with the firm or consider them to courtroom.

    The home cleanser selected up and tidied stuff when she could, transformed the bed furniture in 3 bed rooms each period, and cleaned those sheets each period simply because well. As far as people saying that cleaners make too much for the job they do, you have to remember that they have expenses also. List all the cleaning tasks شركة تنظيف شمال الرياض you need to perform regularly. You possess to consider your products, tools and keeping your tools, taxes, insurance (I are bonded and covered so my customers perform not have to worry about it. Say I'm at a clients home cleaning, slip down some stairs and sprain my ankle joint and hit out a spindle on their staircase?

    ReplyDelete